In this online Mandarin Chinese lesson, we will learn to describe the place of things, especially in a room and in relation to each other.
|3||上||shàng||in this lesson: above|
|4||下||xià||in this lesson : below|
|5||中间||zhōngjiān||in the middle ; between|
|1||把||bǎ||(classifier for chairs and some objects that fit in the hand)|
|2||部||bù||(classifier for small devices, representations, projections, written works...)|
|3||台||tái||(classifier for large machines: computer, television...)|
Reminder from the previous lesson - We'd seen that a word designating a place / location and to which is added a locative suffix like 边 ‹ bian ›, becomes a locative (equivalent to an adverb of place):
|1||里边||lǐbian||(classifier for chairs and some objects that can be held)|
|2||外边||wàibian||(classifier for small appliances, projections, handwriting,... )|
|3||上边||shàngbian||(classifier for big machines : computer, television,...)|
If you wish to learn more Chinese words such as objects that can be found in a house use our free audio picture book.
In Chinese, to indicate the existence of something in a place we use the following sentence structure:
In Chinese to specify the exact location of something in relation to something else we additionally use the locative suffix 上 ‹ shàng › ("on...") , 下 ‹ xià › ("under...") , 里 ‹ lǐ › ("in...") et 边 ‹ bian › ("site...; to..."), placed after the location (and not before as in English). The locative thereby created and used as an object or subject in a sentence - are useful to specify, like in English, that something is for instance "on the table", "in the room", "under the bed ",etc.
When 都 ‹ dōu › is used as an adverb, it is placed between the subject and the verbal sentence, like for all the adverbs in Chinese.
这是大卫的房间。 ‹ Zhè shì Dàwèi de fángjiān. ›
房间里有一张床，一张桌子，三把椅子，一个柜子和一个书架。 ‹ Fángjiān li yǒu yī zhāng chuáng, yī zhāng zhuōzi, sān bǎ yǐzi, yī gè guìzi hé yī gè shūjià. ›
大卫的柜子在左边，他的书架在右边。 ‹ Dàwèi de guìzi zài zuǒbiān, tā de shūjià zài yòubiān. ›
桌子在书架的旁边。 ‹ Zhuōzi zài shūjià de pángbiān. ›
桌子上有一台电脑，一部手机和四支笔。 ‹ Zhuōzi shàng yǒu yī tái diànnǎo, yī bù shǒujī hé sì zhī bǐ. ›
墙上有一块黑板和一张法国地图。 ‹ Qiáng shàng yǒu yī kuài hēibǎn hé yī zhāng fàguó dìtú. ›
大卫的书呢？都在书架上。 词典在上边，法语书在下边，汉语书都在中间。 ‹ Dàwèi de shū ne? Dōu zài shūjià shàng. Cídiǎn zài shàngmiàn, fǎyǔ shū zài xiàbian, hànyǔ shū dōu zài zhōngjiān. ›
Here is David's room.
In the room there is a bed, a desk, three chairs, a cupboard and a bookshelf.
David's cupboard is on the left, his bookshelf is on the right.
The desk is next to the shelf.
On the desk there is a computer, a mobile phone and four pencils.
On the wall, there is a blackboard and a map of France.
And David's books? (They are) All on the bookshelf. Dictionaries are on the top, French books down, and all the Chinese books are in the middle.
Answer the questions according to what you see on the picture.
1. 桌子上有电脑吗？ ‹ Zhuōzi shàng yǒu diànnǎo ma? ›
2. 墙上有什么地图？ ‹ Qiáng shàng yǒu shé me dìtú? ›
3. 桌子下有什么？ ‹ Zhuōzi xià yǒu shé me? ›
4. 椅子上有什么？ ‹ Yǐzi shàng yǒu shé me? ›
5. 书架上有几本书？ ‹ Shūjià shàng yǒu jǐ běn shū? ›
Complete the dialogue with the various proposed words according to the text seen above (about David's room):
王丽：_____________ 有 _______________ 吗？大卫：__________________________________。
Describe your room as best as you can. (Is there a desk? Where is it? What is there on it? What else is in your room? Etc.)