"Who" • Chinese-English Dictionary

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 nǎ ge which / who
 hé rén who
 nǎ xiē which ones? / who? / what?
 shuò shì master's degree / person who has a master's degree / learned person
 fǎ shī one who has mastered the sutras (Buddhism)
 lù qǔ to accept an applicant (prospective student, employee etc) who passes an entrance exam / to admit (a student) / to hire (a job candidate)
 xiǎng bu dào unexpected / hard to imagine / it had not occurred to me / who could have thought that
 shéi zhī dào God knows... / Who would have imagined...?
 tuán gòu group buying / collective buying / buying by a group of individuals who negotiate a discount for the group
 sǐ shén mythological figure (such as the Grim Reaper) in charge of taking the souls of those who die / (fig.) death
 shéi zhī lit. who knows / who would have thought / unexpectedly / unpredictably
 huì jiàn to meet with (sb who is paying a visit) / CL:次[ci4]
 qián shuǐ to dive / to go under water / lurker (Internet slang for sb who reads forum posts but never replies)
 tóng rén people from the same workplace or profession / co-worker / colleague / pop culture enthusiasts who create fan fiction etc
 gǔ rén people from ancient times / the ancients / the late (i.e. person who has passed away)
 Huá qiáo overseas Chinese / (in a restricted sense) Chinese emigrant who still retains Chinese nationality / CL:個|个[ge4],位[wei4],名[ming2]
 hū hū (onom.) sound of the wind or the breathing of sb who is sound asleep
 dì sān zhě sb who is romantically involved with sb already in a committed relationship / the other woman / the other man / third person / third party (in dispute) / disinterested party / number three in a list
 míng liè to rank (number 1, or third last etc) / to be among (those who are in a particular group)
 qiāng shǒu gunman / sharpshooter / sb who takes an exam for sb else / sb who produces a piece of work for sb else to pass off as their own
 xiù cai a person who has passed the county level imperial exam (historical) / scholar / skillful writer / fine talent
 lǎo dì (affectionate form of address for a male who is not very much younger than oneself) my boy / old pal
 wǎn bèi the younger generation / those who come after
 dà pào big gun / cannon / artillery / one who talks big / trad. form 大炮 / also used / CL:門|门[men2],尊[zun1]
 chéng cái to make sth of oneself / to become a person who is worthy of respect
 chē mó car show girl / model who poses next to cars
 xiě shǒu person who writes articles - newspapers, magazines, blogs (informal) / scribe / copyist / a talented writer of articles or of calligraphy
 dá rén expert / person who takes things philosophically
 jiē dào bàn shì chù subdistrict office / neighborhood official / an official who works with local residents to report to higher government authorities
 gōng chén minister who has given outstanding service
 nǎ zhī who would have imagined? / unexpectedly
 lǎo yǒu old friend / sb who passed the county level imperial exam (in Ming dynasty)
 hǎi guī sb who has come back to China after gaining overseas experience (a pun on 海龜|海龟[hai3 gui1]) / to return to China after a period of study or work overseas
 lěng mén a neglected branch (of arts, science, sports etc) / fig. a complete unknown who wins a competition
 yǒu xīn rén resolute person / person with aspirations / people who feel / people who use their heads
 ēn rén a benefactor / a person who has significantly helped sb else
 shuǐ xiān narcissus / daffodil / legendary aquatic immortal / refers to those buried at sea / person who wanders abroad and does not return
 bó mǔ wife of father's elder brother / aunt / (polite form of address for a woman who is about the age of one's mother) / CL:個|个[ge4]
 mò bù none doesn't / there is none who isn't / everyone
 sān jiǎ 3rd rank of candidates who passed the imperial examination
 jiǔ cài garlic chives (Allium tuberosum), aka Chinese chives / (fig.) retail investors who lose their money to more experienced operators (i.e. they are "harvested" like garlic chives)
 Fó tuó Buddha (a person who has attained Buddhahood, or specifically Siddhartha Gautama)
 xī shēng pǐn sacrificial victim / sb who is expendable / item sold at a loss
 shòu yì rén the beneficiary / the person who benefits
 guò lái rén an experienced person / sb who has 'been around (the block)' / sb who has personally experienced it
 tàn huā candidate who came third in the Han-lin examination / see 狀元|状元[zhuang4 yuan2]
 yuān hún ghost of one who died unjustly / departed spirit demanding vengeance for grievances
使 xíng xiàng dà shǐ person who represents an organization and enhances its image / ambassador
 bìng yǒu a friend made in hospital or people who become friends in hospital / wardmate
 xìng yùn ér winner / lucky guy / person who always gets good breaks
 xīn dīng new addition to a family (i.e. a birth) / a boy who has just come of age / (in a job etc) newcomer / novice
 Sān zàng Tripitaka (602-664) Tang dynasty Buddhist monk and translator, who traveled to India 629-645 / same as 玄奘
 Wú Sān guì Wu Sangui (1612-1678), Chinese general who let the Manchus into China and helped them establish the Qing Dynasty, later leading a revolt against Qing in an effort to start his own dynasty
 sì rén bāng Gang of Four: Jiang Qing 江青, Zhang Chunqiao 張春橋, Yao Wenyuan 姚文元, Wang Hongwen 王洪文, who served as scapegoats for the excesses of the cultural revolution
 Nu:3 zhēn Jurchen, a Tungus ethnic group, predecessor of the Manchu ethnic group who founded the Later Jin Dynasty 後金|后金[Hou4 Jin1] and Qing Dynasty
 Lu:3 Bù wéi / Buwei (?291-235 BC), merchant and politician of the State of Qin 秦國|秦国[Qin2 guo2], subsequent Qin Dynasty 秦代[Qin2 dai4] Chancellor, allegedly the father of Ying Zheng 嬴政[Ying2 Zheng4], who subsequently became the first emperor Qin Shihuang 秦始皇[Qin2 Shi3 huang2]
 jiān chén a treacherous court official / a minister who conspires against the state
 Tài suì Tai Sui, God of the year / archaic name for the planet Jupiter 木星[Mu4 xing1] / nickname for sb who is the most powerful in an area
 èr jiǎ 2nd rank of candidates who passed the imperial examination (i.e. 4th place and up)
 bǎng yǎn candidate who came second in the Han-lin examination / see 狀元|状元[zhuang4 yuan2]
 nu:3 jiàng female general / (fig.) woman who is a leading figure in her area of expertise
 xíng shī zǒu ròu walking corpse (idiom) / zombie / person who lives only on the material level
 wài kē yī shēng surgeon / as opposed to physician 內科醫生|内科医生[nei4 ke1 yi1 sheng1], who works primarily by administering drugs
 luò jǐng xià shí to throw stones at sb who fell down a well (idiom) / to hit a person who is down
 chéng cái to make sth of oneself / to become a person who is worthy of respect / (of a tree) to grow to full size / to become useful for timber
 bàn jiǎo shí stumbling block / obstacle / someone who gets in your way
 Xuán zàng Xuanzang (602-664) Tang dynasty Buddhist monk and translator, who traveled to India 629-645
 xiāng mín villager / (Tw) (Internet slang) person who likes to follow online discussions and add their opinions
 guī qiáo Chinese person who returns to China after living as an expatriate
 fǔ xù (of an organization that has a duty of care) to give financial support to relatives of sb who has died or suffered serious injury
 biē sān (Wu dialect) bum / wretched-looking tramp who lives by begging or stealing
 Fǎ lán kè the Franks (Germanic people who arrived in Europe from 600 AD and took over France)
 lěng gōng (in literature and opera) a place to which a monarch banishes a wife or concubine who falls from favor / (fig.) the doghouse / a state of disfavor
 péi dú to accompany one's child or spouse who is studying overseas / to help a child with their study, reading or practicing together
 tuō r shill / tout / phony customer who pretends to buys things so as to lure real customers
 jiān xióng person who seeks advancement by any means / career climber / unscrupulous careerist
 gū jiā guǎ rén one who is cut off from others (idiom) / one who has chosen to follow a solitary path / (can also be an indirect way of referring to an unmarried person)
 zhě (after a verb or adjective) one who (is) ... / (after a noun) person involved in ... / -er / -ist / (used after a number or 後|后[hou4] or 前[qian2] to refer to sth mentioned previously) / (used after a term, to mark a pause before defining the term) / (old) (used at the end of a command) / (old) this
 zū hù tenant / person who leases
 Duō pǔ lè Christian Johann Doppler, Austrian physicist who discovered the Doppler effect
饿 è guǐ sb who is always hungry / glutton / (Buddhism) hungry ghost
 shuāng guī shuanggui, an extralegal system within the CCP for detaining and interrogating cadres who fall from grace
 xī shēng zhě sb who sacrifices himself / sacrificial victim / sb who is expendable
 gōng dú shēng student who also works part-time / (old) reform-school student
 shú liào who would have thought? / who could have imagined? / unexpectedly
 wū yā zuǐ lit. crow's beak / fig. person who has made an inauspicious remark
 Táng sān zàng Tripitaka (602-664) Tang dynasty Buddhist monk and translator, who traveled to India 629-645 / same as 玄奘
 fēi zéi cat burglar / burglar who gains entrance by scaling walls / intruding enemy airman / air marauder
 luò tāng jī a person who looks drenched and bedraggled / like a drowned rat / deep distress
 chuán jiā person who lives and makes a living on a boat / boatman / boat dweller
 Hè dé Hart or Herd (name) / Robert Hart (1835-1911), Englishman who served 1863-1911 in Qing dynasty customs office
 Zhī zhū rén Spider-Man, see 蜘蛛俠|蜘蛛侠 / nickname of French skyscraper climber Alain Robert (1962-) / person who scales the outer walls of a building as a stunt or for building maintenance
 liè nu:3 a woman who dies fighting for her honor or follows her husband in death
 rù xué lu:4 percentage of children who enter school
 Shī Láng Shi Lang (1621-1696), Chinese admiral who served under the Ming and Qing Dynasties
 lǎo hǎo rén one who tries never to offend anybody
 shuǐ diàn gōng plumbing and electrical work / tradesman who does both plumbing and electrical work
 jì jiǔ to offer a libation / person who performs the libation before a banquet / senior member of a profession / important government post in imperial China
 ā luó hàn arhat (Sanskrit) / a holy man who has left behind all earthly desires and concerns and attained nirvana (Buddhism)
 dà shé tou (coll.) lisp / one who lisps
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