"Hello" or "你好 ‹ nǐhǎo ›" in Chinese is the first word said when meeting someone, whether a friend or a stranger. In this mandarin lesson, you will learn how to introduce yourself briefly.
We believe that to learn a language, vocabulary is needed before learning conversation. Thus, we suggest you to learn a first list of Chinese words. We recommend that you train yourself to write and pronounce several times each of them, which will improve your memorization process.
|7||叫||jiào||to be called; to call|
|11||谁||shéi / shuí||who|
|15||吗||ma||(particle to form closed-ended questions, placed at the end of a sentence)|
|16||呢||ne||(interrogative particle for known contexts, placed at the end of a sentence)|
|18||不||bù||not (negative form for verbs)|
|19||中国||Zhōngguó||China; Middle Kingdom|
To say someone's nationality in Chinese, we add "人" to the name of the country. Example : 中国+人 ("China" + "person") = 中国人 which therefore means "Chinese".
|2||王丽||Wàng Lì||Wang Li|
Before starting dialogues, let's have a look at our first grammar rules and at how to form basic sentences in Chinese.
A Chinese simple sentence is composed as follows:
A Chinese negative sentence uses the following structure:
In Chinese, adverbs are put before the verb, just as 不 ‹ bù ›, seen above. A sentence with the adverb "also" 也 ‹ yě › is no exception to the rule.
Closed-ended questions, encouraging the answers "yes" or "no" can be formed by adding the particle 吗 ‹ ma › at the end of an affirmative sentence.
Using the particle 呢 ‹ ne › allow to form reciprocal questions or, more commonly, to shortly ask a question about a topic that has just been addressed.
There are other interrogative particles used to ask questions like 哪 ‹ nǎ ›, 谁 ‹ shéi ›. In Chinese, the answer resume exactly the question by replacing the interrogative words by the response :
Try to understand these dialogues in spoken and written, without looking at the translation. If you do not understand, review again the vocabulary and grammar. We also recommend you to repeat and memorize the dialogues because it will boost your memorization process and be useful in everyday life.
- 你好。 ‹ Nǐhǎo. ›
- 你好。 ‹ Nǐhǎo. ›
- 我叫大卫。你叫什么名字？ ‹ Wǒ jiào Dàwèi. Nǐ jiào shénme míngzi? ›
- 我叫王丽。 ‹ Wǒ jiào Wàng Lì. ›
- My name is David. What is your name ?
- My name is Wang Li.
- 他们是谁？ ‹ Tāmen shì shéi? ›
- 她是王丽，她是中国人。他是马克，他是美国人。 ‹ Tā shì Wàng Lì, tā shì Zhōngguórén. Tā shì Mǎkè, tā shì Měiguórén. ›
- 你也是美国人吗？ ‹ Nǐ yě shì Měiguórén ma? ›
- 不是，我是加拿大人。你呢？你是哪国人？ ‹ Bú shì. Wǒ shì Jiānádàrén. Nǐ ne? Nǐ shì nǎ guó rén? ›
- 我是法国人。 ‹ Wǒ shì Fǎguórén. ›
- Who are they ?
- She is Wang Li; she is Chinese. He is Mark, he is American.
- Are you American too ?
- No, I am Canadian, and you ? What is your Nationality?
- I am French.
Try to answer the following question in Chinese :
- 你好。我叫大卫。你叫什么名字？ ‹ Nǐhǎo. Wǒ jiào Dàwèi. Nǐ jiào shénme míngzi? ›
If you don't know how to say your name in Chinese, you can use our first name phonetic translator or get a "Chinese" name according to your personality here.