"自" • Chinese-English Dictionary

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Radical 132
Strokes 6
Entry Methods
Pinyin zi4
Kanji /
Sijiao 2600.0
Wubi THD
CNS 11643 1-485C
Encodages (hexa)
Unicode U+81EA
GB2312 D7D4
 zì self / oneself / from / since / naturally / surely
Results beginning with 自
 zì jǐ oneself / one's own
 zì dòng automatic / voluntarily
 zì rán nature / natural / naturally
 zì yóu freedom / free / liberty / CL:個|个[ge4]
 zì wǒ self- / ego (psychology)
 zì shēn itself / oneself / one's own
 zì xíng voluntary / autonomous / by oneself / self-
 zì zhǔ independent / to act for oneself / autonomous
 zì xìn to have confidence in oneself / self-confidence
 zì cóng since (a time) / ever since
 zì pāi to take a picture or video of oneself
 zì shā to kill oneself / to commit suicide / to attempt suicide
 zì jué conscious / aware / on one's own initiative / conscientious
 zì fù conceited / to take responsibility
 zì xué self-study / to study on one's own
 zì yǒu to possess / to own / to have
 zì zhù self-service
 zì yuàn voluntary
 zì chēng to call oneself / to claim to be / to profess / to claim a title
 zì zai free / unrestrained / comfortable / at ease
 zì dài to bring one's own / BYO / (of software) preinstalled
 zì háo proud (of one's achievements etc)
 zì lu:4 self-discipline / self-regulation / autonomy (ethics) / autonomic (physiology)
 zì jiā oneself / one's own family
 zì zhì self-made / improvised / homemade / handmade
 zì gǔ (since) ancient times / (from) time immemorial
 zì sī selfish / selfishness
 zì rèn to believe (sth in relation to oneself) / to regard oneself as / to acknowledge (sth in relation to oneself) / to resign oneself to
 zì rú unobstructed / unconstrained / smoothly / with ease / freely
 zì zūn self-respect / self-esteem / ego / pride
 zì fā spontaneous
 zì zhì autonomy
 zì bēi feeling inferior / self-abased
 zì lǐ to take care of oneself / to provide for oneself
 zì zé to blame oneself
 zì cǐ since then / henceforth
 zì wèi to console oneself / to masturbate / onanism / masturbation
 zì fèi (be) at one's own expense
 zì qiáng to strive for self-improvement
 zì lì independent / self-reliant / self-sustaining / to stand on one's own feet / to support oneself
 zì yòu since childhood
 zì zhuàn autobiography
 zì xuǎn to choose by oneself / free to choose / optional / self-service
 zì shù to recount in one's own words / autobiography / written self-introduction
 zì cháo to mock oneself / to laugh at oneself
 zì yíng self-operated / to operate one's own business
 zì bá to free oneself / to extricate oneself from a difficult situation
 zì dà arrogant
 zì chuàng to create / to come up with (an idea etc)
 zì liàn narcissism
 zì wèi self-defense
 zì kòng automated / automatically regulated / to control oneself / self-control
 zì zhǎo to suffer as a consequence of one's own actions / you asked for it / to bring it on oneself (sth unpleasant)
 zì zuò to act for oneself / to view oneself (as clever, virtuous, attractive)
 zì bèi to provide one's own... / own / self-provided / self-contained
 Zì gòng Zigong prefecture level city in Sichuan
 zì zhòng to conduct oneself with dignity / to be dignified / deadweight
 zì shǒu to give oneself up / to surrender (to the authorities)
 zì bái confession / to make clear one's position or intentions / to brag
 zì jìn to kill oneself / suicide
 zì lái from the beginning / always / to come of one's own accord
 zì bǎo to defend oneself / self-defense / self-preservation
 zì wèn to ask oneself / to search one's soul / to reach a conclusion after weighing a matter
 zì dé contented / pleased with one's position
 zì jiǎn to act with self-restraint / to examine oneself / to perform a self-test
 zì ruò calm / composed / at ease
 zì bào to explode / spontaneous detonation / self-detonation / suicide bombing / to disclose private matters about oneself
 zì jū to consider oneself as / to believe oneself to be
 zì yú to amuse oneself
 zì xí to study outside of class time (reviewing one's lessons) / to study in one's free time / individual study
 zì ài self-respect / self-love / self-regard / regard for oneself / to cherish one's good name / to take good care of one's health
 zì xǔ to pose as / to flaunt oneself as / to boast of / to brag
 zì jiàn to recommend oneself (for a job)
 zì qǔ to help oneself to (food) / to invite (trouble) / to court (disaster)
 zì xiū to study on one's own / self-study
 zì ào arrogance / proud of sth
 zì xǐng to examine oneself / to reflect on one's shortcomings / introspection / self-awareness / self-criticism
 zì mìng to consider oneself to be (sth positive)
 zì dǎo self-guided / autonomous
 zì fén self-immolation
 zì huǐ self-destruction
 zì dǎ (coll.) since
 zì sù private prosecution (law) / (of a patient) to describe (one's symptoms)
 zì shì self-esteem / self-reliance / overconfident / conceited
 zì zhuàn rotation
 zì rán spontaneous combustion
 zì cán to mutilate oneself / self-harm
 zì kuā to boast
 zì mǎn complacent / self-satisfied
 zì jǐ self-reliant
 zì wěn to commit suicide by cutting one's own throat
 zì xù author's preface / autobiographical notes as introduction to a book
 zì xiāng mutual / each other / one another / self-
 zì shì to view oneself
 zì yì to hang oneself
 zì cǔn to speculate / to ponder
 zì zú self-sufficient / satisfied with oneself
 zì qī to deceive oneself
 zì qiān modest / self-deprecating
 zì miǎn to encourage oneself
 zì jué self-determination
 zì yǎng self-sustaining / economically independent (of state aid, foreign subsidy etc)
 zì qiāng commit suicide
便 zì biàn to do as one pleases / to not inconvenience oneself
 zì dú masturbation / to masturbate
 zì fǎn to introspect / to self-reflect / (math.) reflexive
 zì gāo to be proud of oneself
 zì gě oneself / by oneself
 zì gě variant of 自個|自个[zi4 ge3] / oneself / by oneself
 zì gōng to castrate oneself
 zì hēi (Internet slang) to make fun of oneself
 zì huǐ to regret / to repent
 zì jié to cleanse oneself / to sanctify oneself / self-cleaning (spark plug, oven etc)
 zì jīn to boast / to blow one's own horn
 zì jīng (literary) to hang oneself
 zì jǔ bootstrapping
 zì kuàng to compare oneself / to view oneself as
 zì nì to drown oneself
 zì pái automatic transmission
 zì qiǎn to blame oneself / self-recrimination
 zì shǐ from the outset / ab initio
 zì shī at a loss
 zì yào so long as / provided that
 zì yì to control oneself
 zì yín masturbation
 zì yóu to travel alone (i.e. not with a tourist group)
 zì yù to refer to oneself as
 zì zhuān to act arbitrarily / to act for oneself
 zì zhuāng self-loading (weapon, tape deck etc) / self-charging
 zì zhuó to enjoy a cup of wine by oneself
 zì zuì actual sin (Christian notion, as opposed to original sin 原罪) / conscious sin
 zì zhì qū autonomous region, namely: Inner Mongolia 內蒙古自治區|内蒙古自治区, Guangxi 廣西壯族自治區|广西壮族自治区, Tibet 西藏自治區|西藏自治区, Ningxia 寧夏回族自治區|宁夏回族自治区, Xinjiang 新疆維吾爾自治區|新疆维吾尔自治区
 zì dòng huà automation
 zì xíng chē bicycle / bike / CL:輛|辆[liang4]
 zì dìng yì custom / user-defined
 zì lái shuǐ running water / tap water
 zì zhì zhōu autonomous prefecture
 zì zhì xiàn autonomous county
 zì xìn xīn self-confidence
 zì jǐ rén those on our side / ourselves / one's own people / one of us
 zì rán jiè nature / the natural world
 zì zūn xīn self-respect / self-esteem / ego
 zì rán rén natural person (law) / see also 法人[fa3 ren2]
 zì wèi duì self-defense force / the Japanese armed forces
 zì gě r (dialect) oneself / by oneself
 zì shì yìng adaptive
 zì zhù cān buffet / self-service meal
 zì zhǔ quán ability to make one's own decisions
 zì yóu jī free radical
 zì liú dì private plot allocated to an individual on a collective farm
 lái zì to come from (a place) / From: (in email header)
 gè zì each / respective / apiece
 qīn zì personally / in person / oneself
 dú zì alone
 shàn zì without permission / of one's own initiative
 chū zì to come from
 àn zì inwardly / to oneself / secretly
 yuán zì to originate from
 fā zì to evolve from
 sī zì private / personal / secretly / without explicit approval
 jìng zì without leave / without consulting anyone
 wù zì (literary) still / yet
 jìng zì on one's own / without consulting others
 yóu zì (literary) still / yet
 ào zì pride / overbearing
 jǐn zi always / always regardless (of anything)
 Méng zì Mengzi county in Honghe Hani and Yi autonomous prefecture, Yunnan
 Sān zì abbr. for 三自愛國教會|三自爱国教会[San1 zi4 Ai4 guo2 Jiao4 hui4], Three-Self Patriotic Movement
 yì zì translation from / loan from (e.g. English word)
 nǐ zì jǐ yourself
 tā zì jǐ himself
 dà zì rán nature (the natural world)
 quán zì dòng automatic action / full automatic
 tā zì jǐ herself
 bù zì jué unaware / unconscious of sth
 bù zì zai uneasiness / feel uncomfortable
 bù zì rán unnatural / artificial
 bàn zì dòng semi-automatic
 Lǐ Zì chéng Li Zicheng (1605-1645), leader of peasant rebellion at the end of the Ming Dynasty
 chāo zì rán supernatural
 Zhū Zì qīng Zhu Ziqing (1898-1948), poet and essayist
 Zhāng Zì zhōng Zhang Zizhong (1891-1940), Chinese National Revolutionary Army general during the Second Sino-Japanese War
 fēi zì rán unnatural / occult
 Gōng Zì zhēn Gong Zizhen (1792-1841), Chinese man of letters, calligrapher and poet
  sexual self-determination
  sexual autonomy
  sexual freedom
  semi-automatic action
 bèi zì shā a death claimed to be a suicide by the authorities
 bù zì liàng not take a proper measure of oneself / to overrate one's own abilities
 hé zì xuán nuclear spin
 Mǎ zì dá Mazda, Japanese car make (derived from name Matsuda 松田) / also known as 萬事得|万事得
 Méng zì xiàn Mengzi county in Honghe Hani and Yi autonomous prefecture, Yunnan
 qí zì shēn one's own (respective) / proprietary
使 shǐ zì zhǔ empowerment
 wǒ zì jǐ myself / my own
 Wú Zì mù Wu Zimu (lived c. 1270), writer at the end of the Song dynasty
 Zhāng Zì liè Zhang Zilie (1597-1673), Ming dynasty scholar, author of Zhengzitong 正字通[Zheng4 zi4 tong1]
 zuò zì jǐ to be oneself
AK自  automatic Kalashnikov
 bù yóu zì zhǔ can't help / involuntarily (idiom)
 qíng bù zì jīn unable to restrain emotions / cannot help
 dú lì zì zhǔ independent and autonomous (idiom) / self-determination / to act independently / to maintain control over one's own affairs
 zhān zhān zì xǐ immeasurably self-satisfied
 wú dì zì róng ashamed and unable to show one's face
 yán lùn zì yóu freedom of speech
 mén xīn zì wèn to ask oneself honestly / to search in one's heart
 hǎo zì wéi zhī to do one's best / to shape up / to behave / to fend for oneself / you're on your own
 Máo Suì zì jiàn Mao Sui recommends himself (idiom) / to offer one's services (in the style of Mao Sui offering his services to king of Chu 楚 / of the Warring states)
 bù gōng zì pò (of a rumor etc) to collapse (in the light of facts etc) / to be discredited
 tài rán zì ruò cool and collected (idiom) / showing no sign of nerves / perfectly composed
 yí rán zì dé happy and content (idiom)
 jié shēn zì hào clean-living and honest (idiom) / to avoid immorality / to shun evil influence / to mind one's own business and keep out of trouble / to keep one's hands clean
 jiù yóu zì qǔ to have only oneself to blame (idiom) / to bring trouble through one's own actions
 wàng zì fěi bó to be unduly humble (idiom) / to undervalue oneself
 fàng rèn zì liú to let sb do whatever they want / to indulge / to give free reins to / to let things slide / to drift aimlessly / laissez-faire
 zuò jiǎn zì fù to spin a cocoon around oneself (idiom) / enmeshed in a trap of one's own devising / hoist by his own petard
 gāng bì zì yòng obstinate and self-opinionated (idiom)
 wàng zì zūn dà ridiculous self-importance (idiom) / arrogance
 bù dǎ zì zhāo to confess without being pressed / to make a confession without duress
 Yè láng zì dà lit. Yelang thinks highly of itself (idiom) / fig. foolish conceit
 jiān shǒu zì dào to embezzle
 liáo yǐ zì wèi to find some consolation (idiom) / to find relief in
 bì guān zì shǒu close the country to international intercourse
 wán huǒ zì fén to play with fire and get burnt (idiom) / fig. to play with evil and suffer the consequences / to get one's fingers burnt
 tán xiào zì ruò to talk and laugh as though nothing had happened / to remain cheerful (despite a crisis)
 gù bù zì fēng stuck in the old ways (idiom) / refusing to acknowledge new ideas / stagnating and conservative
 tīng qí zì rán to let things take their course / to take things as they come
 bì zhǒu zì zhēn to value the broom as one's own (idiom) / to attach value to sth because it is one's own / a sentimental attachment
 ān xián zì dé feeling comfortably at ease (idiom)
 ān xián zì zai leisurely and free (idiom) / carefree and at ease
 bēi bù zì shèng unable to control one's grief (idiom) / overwrought / overcome with sorrow / heartbroken
 bù gǎn zì zhuān not daring to act for oneself (idiom)
 bù néng zì yǐ unable to control oneself / to be beside oneself
 bù zì liàng lì to overestimate one's capabilities
 cāo zòng zì rú to operate (a machine etc) with ease
 Fū zǐ zì dào appearing to be praising others while actually praising yourself / one's criticism of others exposes one's own faults
 gǎi guò zì xīn to reform and start afresh (idiom) / to turn over a new leaf
 gū fāng zì shǎng lone flower admiring itself (idiom) / narcissism / self-love
 gù pàn zì xióng to strut about feeling complacent (idiom)
 gù yǐng zì lián lit. looking at one's shadow and feeling sorry for oneself (idiom) / fig. alone and dejected
 huǐ guò zì xīn to repent and start afresh (idiom) / to turn over a new leaf
 jū gōng zì ào satisfied with one's accomplishment and arrogant as a result (idiom) / resting on one's laurels and despising others
 kuáng wàng zì dà arrogant and conceited
 lěng nuǎn zì zhī see 如人飲水,冷暖自知|如人饮水,冷暖自知[ru2 ren2 yin3 shui3 , leng3 nuan3 zi4 zhi1]
 mín zú zì jué self-determination
 rèn qí zì rán to let things take their course (idiom) / to leave it to nature / laissez-faire
 shàn zì wéi móu to be good at working for one's own profit (idiom)
 tuò miàn zì gān to be spat on in the face and let it dry by itself, not wiping it off (idiom) / to turn the other cheek / to drain the cup of humiliation
 tǔ sī zì fù to spin a cocoon around oneself (idiom) / enmeshed in a trap of one's own devising / hoist with his own petard
 wú shī zì tōng self-taught / to learn without a teacher (idiom)
 xiāo yáo zì dé doing as one pleases (idiom) / foot-loose and fancy free
 xiāo yáo zì zai free and at leisure (idiom) / unfettered / outside the reach of the law (of criminal) / at large
 xǐ bù zì shèng unable to contain one's joy (idiom)
 yìng fu zì rú to handle matters with ease (idiom) / to hold one's own
 yōng rén zì rǎo lit. silly people get their panties in a bunch (idiom) / fig. to get upset over nothing / to make problems for oneself
 yōu yóu zì dé free and at leisure (idiom) / unfettered
 yùn yòng zì rú to have a fluent command of (idiom)
 zào jiǎn zì fù to spin a cocoon around oneself (idiom) / enmeshed in a trap of one's own devising / hoist with his own petard
  freedom of the air
  water self-sufficiency
  individual self-defence / self-defence
宿  living in non-UN provided accommodation
  Technological self-determination
  collective self-defence
  doctor-assisted suicide / physician-assisted suicide / assisted suicide
  fundamental freedoms
  Economic self-determination
  freedom of opinion
  substantial autonomy
  automatically by law
 bàn zì gēng nóng semi-tenant peasant / semi-owner peasant
 biǎo dá zì yóu freedom of expression
 biǎo xiàn zì jǐ to express oneself / to give an account of oneself / to project oneself / to show off
 bō duó zì yóu deprivation of liberty
 bù qǐng zì lái to turn up without being invited / unsolicited
 bù shuō zì míng self-explanatory / self-evident (idiom)
 bù yán zì míng self-evident / needing no explanation (idiom)
 chū zì fèi fǔ from the bottom of one's heart (idiom)
 dì fāng zì zhì local autonomy / home rule
 fǎn gōng zì wèn introspection / to ask oneself
 gè zì wéi zhèng to do things each in one's own way
 gōng hǎi zì yóu freedom of the high seas
 huà dì zì xiàn lit. to draw a line on the ground to keep within (idiom) / fig. to impose restrictions on oneself
 huí guī zì yóu freedom of return
 jié shè zì yóu (constitutional) freedom of association
 jí huì zì yóu freedom of assembly
退 jìn tuì zì rú free to come and go (idiom) / to have room to maneuver
 lái zì tiān wài Butsu
 lěng nuǎn zì zhī the person who drinks it knows best whether the water is hot or cold (Zen proverb) / self-awareness comes from within / to know best by personal experience
 lián hé zì qiáng to combine together for self-improvement / joint movement for self-strengthening
 méi tǐ zì yóu freedom of the media
 nán yǐ zī yǐ cannot control oneself (idiom) / to be beside oneself
 pōu fù zì shā hara-kiri
 qiǎng zì yóu jī hydroxyl radical
 qí lái yǒu zì there is a reason for it / (of sth) not incidental
 qīng xīn zì rán as fresh and clean as nature (idiom)
 qīn zì dòng shǒu to do the job oneself
 qīn zì guà shuài to take command personally
 Sān zì Jiào huì Three-Self Patriotic Movement, PRC government-sanctioned Protestant church from 1949
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